“Place attachment is the symbolic relationship formed by people giving culturally shared emotional/affective meanings to a particular space of piece of land that provides the basis for the individual’s and group’s understanding of and relation to the environment.... Thus, place attachment is more than an emotional and cognitive experience, and includes cultural beliefs and practices that link people to place.” (Setha Low, “Symbolic Ties that Bind: Place Attachments in the Plaza” )
Over the past decade or so I have had the opportunity to photograph Chacoan sites from Chaco Canyon itself to the many outliers in New Mexico and Colorado. Basically I have visited nearly every legally accessible location in Chaco Canyon, including some outliers, now off limits, that were open years ago (most notably the Kin Bineola and Kin Ya Ya outliers).
These sites and their surrounding landscapes are under serious threat today from a variety of drilling and mining operations on BLM land surrounding Chaco. I applaud those who are involved in working to protect the region from development efforts that will destroy these pristine views, and threaten, through fracking activities, the integrity of the Great Houses themselves.
I wish to have my voice join those who are raising awareness to protect the Chacoan sites and landscape. My voice will be my photography.
Therefore, I am starting a series of facebook posts the will focus on these landscapes. The images will not focus on the Great Houses themselves, but their place in the greater landscape. Postings will occur on a weekly basis, and continue for the next several months.
An on-line gallery of these images will be available from my website as well.
In addition, I will freely grant the rights to use these images in any way that will further the cause for protecting Chaco Canyon. All I ask is that you contact me and let me know that you are planning on using any images and how they will be used. Plus, I would ask that you provide proper attribution for the images.
This project follows on the heals of a similar project I have been engaged in over the past six months on the Effigy Mounds of the upper Midwest. Like the Chaco area, there have been many attempts to weaken existing laws and permit activities that would have destroyed these sacred sites. But through the combined efforts of the HoChunk and other Native American tribes, the efforts of the Wisconsin Effigy Mound Initiative lead by Kurt Sampson, and thousands of concerned citizens, many of the mounds facing imminent destruction have been saved. I wish for the same outcome for protecting the Chacoan landscapes.
You can follow my blog posts, and photo gallery by visiting my website and danseurer.com or via email at firstname.lastname@example.org
Looking over the core of the enclosed area of the site of Aztalan are a series of large conical mounds. Before modern plowing, and the emergence of the village of Aztalan, these mound once lined the ridge top to the south and north. The ten remaining mounds are all that survive from the 70 or so mounds in this area.
These mounds are often referred to as the "Ceremonial Post Mounds". With the exception of the Princess Mound, none of these mounds appear to have been used as graves. Instead, in each mound were found the remains of large posts from ceremonial poles that once extended far above the top of the mound.
Signal Hill is a large topographic feature immediately to the west of Aztalan. The Ceremonial Mounds are clearly visible from the top of Signal Hill, but much of the enclosed village along the river bank is not. Only the area near the mortuary mound in the northwest part of Aztalan is visible from Signal Hill.
A conical mound estimated at one time to be 30 feet in diameter and up to 5 feet in height was located on the top of the hill. Today, nothing is left of this mound.
Signal Hill is not part of Aztalan State Park, and the land is actively farmed today. Permission must be obtained from the landowner to walk to the top of Signal Hill.
On Photographing Effigy Mounds
Making photographs of the Native American Mounds can be a very difficult prospect. Many mound groups are located in beautiful settings along lakes and rivers, and picturesque bluffs. These mounds are readily visible to the observer, but when photographed they tend to blend into the landscape. Effigy mound shapes in particular can be difficult to make effective images of.
Photographers over the past century have employed several techniques in an attempt to show the diversity of mound shapes. Occasionally they were outlined with substances such as lime to highlight the mound shapes. This was a satisfactory technique if the mound was located in a well manicured environment. Most mounds are not in such a location, and the alteration of the landscape is frowned upon today.
Weather also helps show the shape of the mound. Flood waters can effectively show the shapes of mounds, especially intaglios such as the one in Fort Atkinson, Wisconsin. The differential melting of snow can occasionally be an effective way to outline the shapes of mounds.
Aerial photography is another technique that can be used. Today, the use of drones can greatly aid in making images of mounds. But the problem of how to clearly demarcate the mound’s shapes is still problematic.
The best way to show the mounds is to photograph them in the early morning or late afternoon when the sun is low and produces wonderful soft shadows. This low, racking light, and the shadow it casts, can effectively show the mound shapes in a way that the harsh light of mid-day light cannot. These lighting conditions can benefit both the on-ground photographer as well as images taken from the air.
Effective images of mounds can also be taken during late twilight times while the moon is low on the horizon. This result in interesting images that highlight the shapes of the mounds, while allowing some starlight to show in the skies.
Most interesting are shots taken in the late twilight times by providing light from artificial sources. Back in the days before digital cameras with high ISO capabilities, interior spaces such as cathedrals in Europe were photographed using techniques that today we call ‘light painting’. With light painting, a light source from something as small as the light provided by a cell phone, to hand held high power spotlights can provide enough light to ‘paint’ the shape of mound. The most effective strategy is to position the camera and light source as an angle that will provide enough of a shadow to show the shapes of the mounds. Generally speaking you will want to use as soft, diffused light as possible. My preference is for small hand held LED lights to paint the shape of the mound that best captures the image. Some degree of post-processing may be required to balance the temperature between the natural light, and the light from whatever light source you are using. This is will be necessary for color photographs, but not as important for black and white images.
In the near future, my plans will be to create a short video of light painting mounds that should help you create wonderful images of these sacred mounds.
In March of this year, I have started a series of weekly posts on my Facebook timeline, and that of the Effigy Mounds Initiative's Facebook timeline, which will include images of Native American Mounds from Wisconsin and neighboring states. Occasionally images of mounds from other parts of the United States will be included. In addition, images taken during my days studying Archeologiy in undergraduate (BS UW-Oshkosh 1978) and graduate schools (MA, UW-Madison 1982) in the 1970's and 1980's, will make there way into this portfolio.
Over the past ten years or so, I have been actively photographing archeological sites throughout the U.S. This includes the midwest and southwestern United States. Rather than have those images languish unseen on my hard drives, or lost to the 15 minutes of fame on Facebook, I have decided to place these images into a more permanent location. Moving forward, the images I post on Facebook as part of the "Mound a Week" series, will now also be posted on my personal portfolio site. The link to my on-line portfolio is: https://danielseurer.myportfolio.com
In addition to posting images in my on-line portfolio, I will also be using this blog to provide a backstory on some of these images. While most of these backstories will be in written form, I plan to eventually create short 1 or 2 minutes vlogs (video logs) backstories where appropriate.
Once I have posted a large enough body of work, the plan will be to create an ebook from this collection.
I invite any one to download these images for personal use and enjoyment. I freely will grant permission to use these images for all activities related to the study and preservation of these sacred places. All I ask is to be notified of the intended use, and be given the proper credit.
I hope you enjoy this series, and trust they will help in building awareness to our historic and prehistoric heritage.
Our nation’s natural environment and cultural heritage sites are under attack to a degree not seen in decades. Executive orders are dramatically shrinking protected lands throughout the United States, opening them up to resource extraction that will irrevocably mar the landscape, and destroy culturally sensitive sites.
We only need to look at what is happening around Theodore Roosevelt National Park in western North Dakota as an example. Oil and gas drilling facilities line the boundary of the park, and many of these facilities are clearly visible from what were once unspoiled vistas. Future developments in the area threaten to destroy this view shed even further.
It is sadly ironic that this development is occurring around a park whose name sake is a president who was a staunch proponent of our National Parks and wilderness areas. President Theodore Roosvelt’s quotes acompanying these photographs, many over a century old, outline why these resources needed protection then, and for the fight to protect them to continue today. Many of these quotes come as a result of his ranching days within the boundaries of the park from the late 19th century.
I don't think I could have asked for a better spring equinox sunrise at Cahokia. Here are two shots from Woodhenge looking east towards the sun rising over Monks Mound. The sun was only visible for about 5 minutes at sunrise before clouds obscured it. At least it was for the right 5 minutes. I felt honored to be given such a beautiful morning.
Often times, the perception of archeological digs are some remote, beautiful locations such as Egypt, Mayan Lowlands, or the Andes Mountains. Or, heaven forbid, Indiana Jones type adventures. The reality is often far different. Case in point. Missouri DOT archeologists are currently at work in Saint Louis just south of the arch, uncovering the remains of the earliest Saint Louis French occupation from the 1760's. I've never been at a dig with the rumble of interstate traffic and rail freight overhead.
A group of Republican State of Wisconsin Senators on working on amendments to the Wisconsin Burial Protection laws that will seek to eviscerate the current law. If this action becomes law many locations containing known effigy mounds and potential Native American burial sites will be threatened with destruction. The amendments being proposed are due to the special interest of a single quarry plant operator in McFarland Wisconsin.
I have created a short photo application showing some of Wisconsin's Mounds. Some of these mounds are very similar to the ones immediately endangered is these amendments pass into law.
Sacred Places: Check out this Slate story I made.
Starting today I will be posting a series of short PDF compilations from my current and past travels. Each PDF will present theme based images on a variety of subjects which I hope you will find interesting. Each month I will then combine these individual PDF's into a single publication that will be available here, plus in iBook format on Apple's iBook store.
The first set of images were taken over a two night period in December 2014. The second in a series of massive storms struck the central California coast, and I was able to capture some images from the area around Lands End, San Francisco.
In early December the second in a series of very powerful storms struck the northern coast of San Francisco. The near hurricane force winds whipped up the sea along the coast and the opportunity to photograph it was just to hard to resist.
I was in town that week for training, leaving only the evening hours to photography the fury of the Pacific ocean. There was enough ambient light from Cliff Palace on the short and from a near full moon on the first night to allow me to take these wonderful images. T
he overhangs of Cliff Palace itself proved to be most useful. When the wind driven rain was at it worst it provided a drier sanctuary for my camera (and me) to shoot the scene.
To see more images , go to my Lands End Gallery.
Over the course of the next year, I plan on spending as much time working on getting my work out via publications, including ibooks and pdf formatted publications. Some of my work has already been published. I was honored with the recent publication of my Sunset Crater portfolio the December 5th edition of Lenswork Magazine's Readers Spotlight site. The editors of Lenswork graciously allowed my distribution of this PDF version of the publication on my website.
In early 2015 I expect to have my first iBook published. The topic will be "Santa Rose de Lima: The First Church of Abiquiu.
Other related southwest and midwest archeology/history related portfolios will also become available in 2015. My plan is to release the on-line versions of my iBooks for free, and make available for purchase a portfolio of the prints from the book.
Today was the fourth day of the "Current Archaeological Prospection Advances for Non-Destructive Investigations in the 21st Century" at the archeological site of Aztalan in southern Wisconsin. Led by Steven DeVore, this workshop is "dedicated to the use of geophysical, aerial photography, and other remote sensing methods as they apply to the identification, evaluation, conservation, and protection of archaeological resources across this Nation."
For more information on this workshop, please go to:
Below are a couple photographs of some of the hard working workshop participants
In this second in my series of "In their Own Words", UW-Milwaukee student and teaching assistant for the 2013 field season, Jennifer Picard, at discusses her experiences working at this site. Jennifer explains the work that occurred along the palisade line, first reported by S. Barrett in his early 20th century investigations along the Crawfish River front near the sites northeast platform mound.
This was Jennifer's second season of work at this site.
In this series of blog posts, I will present the story of one of my Photography projects that I have titled "Wisconsin's Vanishing Silos". This is a project that I have undertaken over the past several years while roaming the backroads of Wisconsin
Everyone who lives or travels throughout Wisconsin probably takes the dairy farm silos for granted. Many peoples perceptions of a Wisconsin farm include the red barn and the blue harvester silo.
But silos have not always been a part of the agricultural landscape. In fact for the first 50 years of so there were few or no silos. It was not until Wisconsin's dairy industry took hold in Wisconsin that silos became prevalent.
The history and evolution of the silo became a fascinating topic. The early history of Wisconsin silos demonstrate a wide variety or shape, materials, and construction in the late 19th and early 20th century. This photo project is devoted to the documentation of these rapidly vanishing early silos.
I hope you will enjoy this series.
It is hard to believe that after such a miserably cold and snowy winter here in Wisconsin that spring is going to be around the corner. It does not feel like it right now, since it is only 15 degrees outside, but maybe sometime soon it will warm up.
I always try to watch the sunrise at the spring and fall equinox at Aztalan. Hopefully this year I will again enjoy it and capture the scene with may camera. It is a beautiful scene to stand on top of the southwest mound, and watch the sunrise over the gravel knoll and the Crawfish River.
The equinox last fall was interesting. The fog gave it a very surreal feel, with the fog moving back and forth across the scene. I wish the fog had not thickened to the point of obscuring the gravel knoll, but do the best with what has been given to you.
In 2013, students and professors from several Midwestern Universities (Michigan State, Northern Iowa University, and University of Wisconsin Madison) conducted two archeology field schools at the site of Aztalan, in south-central Wisconsin.
I had the pleasure of meeting many new budding archeologists, and renewing acquaintences with students and professors that I have known for some time. I am especially grateful to Dr. Lynne Goldstein of Michigan State University and Dr. John Richards of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee for providing me full access to photograph the excavations and excavators.
One of the results of my photography, is the creation of a series of multi-media presentations titled "In Their Own Words: Aztalan Archeologists Tell Their Story". Combining still photos, video clips, and audio, each short vignette allows the archeologists and students to express their thoughts, expectations, and discussions of the findings from excavations at Aztalan.
The first in this series highlights UW-Milwaukee field school student Kristina Dineen-Grube.
I hope you enjoy the first in this series, and with future posts.
England may have its famous Stonehenge, and the ancient site of Cahokia may have its own Woodhenge(s), but a newly discovered henge on the icy plains of Rock Lake, near the archeological site of Aztalan was certainly unexpected.
On the eastern shore of Rock Lake, a mysterious feature, referred to as Ice Henge was recently discovered. Researchers readily noted the similarity of Ice Henge with the more famous Stonehenge site. Archeo-astronomers are researching the possibility of astronomical alignments with solstice and equinox events. Says one researcher "The placement of the pine trees on the outer ring of Ice Henge is more than coincidence. We think these mark the Winter and Summer Solstice sunrises. We just hope that the long winter remains a bit longer so we can actually observe the sunrise/sunset here at Ice Henge." Another scientist observing Ice Henge believes some of the ice columns point to the nearby archeological site of Aztalan.
It is unclear at this time if this Ice Henge is related to the mysterious underwater pyramids in Rock Lake.
Earlier in December of 2012 I had the opportunity to visit the Flagstaff Arizona area and had a single day to do some photography. Continuing my work of photographing archeological sites, I made my plans to shoot the ruins at Wupatki National Monument about an hours drive away.
When I woke up early in the morning, the weather conditions were horrendous. Lots of snow had fallen in Flagstaff, and road conditions were poor. I knew that Wupatki was at a slightly lower elevation, and there was a chance there was little or no snow there. So I packed the camera gear, warm clothes and headed out.
On the way I was slowed by snowy roads and a multi-car slide off that closed the highway for a while. But at last I made it to Wupatki. As expected, there was no snow, but it was raining steadily. Not the best weather I thought for photography. But I was here, and decided to make the best of it. I am glad I did.
Normally I shoot my pictures with the idea of creating black and white images. In reviewing some of my initial shots, the lighting conditions were not producing the results I was hoping for. However, the wet conditions were producing some very interesting, saturated colors on the rocks, vegetation, and sandstone masonry of the ruins. The overcast conditions hid some of the surrounding volcanic landscapes, but it allowed me to focus more on the ruins. It made for some interesting shots, and not the typical dry weather landscapes that one typically sees of southwestern sites.
So, back in the warmth of the digital dark room I created the photographs that I posted to my southwestern gallery. I look forward to going back to Wupatki under better weather conditions, but at least I was able to make some decent shots. Plus I learned not to be afraid on photographing when weather conditions are less than optimal.
The gravel knoll at Aztalan State Park is quiet now. The Michigan State University Archeology Field School ended several weeks ago,and all the remains are the filled in excavation units. The sounds of singing trowels and students sifting dirt through quarter inch mesh screens has been replaced by the songs of the redwing blackbird, hawks, and the occasional visitor. Many fond memories I am sure still linger with the Field School participants. The tales of wet, stormy days, and sleepless nights due to the incessant noise from the nearby peacocks have undoubtedly reach near mythical proportions.
Aztalan will be coming alive once again with archeological activity. Another field school, directed by Dr. John Richards of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee has just begun. Dr. Richards will be working along the river bank north of the gravel knoll as well as the vicinity of the northeast platform mound. The datum has been established, the excavation area flagged. Weather permitting, Dr. Richards excavations will begin in earnest this coming week and continue work through the middle of August.
As I did with the MSU field school, I will be photographing the UW-Milwaukee archeologists progress at Aztalan, and will post updates and additional photos here.